We know the health benefits related to the Mediterranean diet. They have been well researched and well documented. However, in other areas of the world, foods that are more prominent in the Mediterranean diet are not always very easily accessible in other parts of the world. With that notion, it is also erroneous to say that those who do not follow this diet in other parts of the world are not health. As healthcare providers that are looking to be more diversely accommodating and promoting optimal health for the individual, it is our duty to ensure that the diet we are recommending is the best for that particular person.
We know from health outcomes that certain health conditions are more prevalent in certain ethnic groups and your genetics will predispose you to one condition more than another. Why might this not be the same with your diet? There is a field dedicated towards relating nutrition to your genetic map - Nutrigenomics - and I would like to adopt this field to help with my research to find best foods for specific ethnic groups.
what is a typical and/or healthy diet in one region. What is the picture of health/ mortality rates in that region?
Looking towards immigrants: when you move to another country, you are not only accommodating to a new environment, but a new way of life and native foods. However, your system might not be able to accommodate it as well - think adaptation and evolution of your genetics.
a) are they still eating their native diet or a north american diet
b) how has their health changed since immigrating
c) how many generations has their family been in this immigrated country? Has that had an impact on their health? - this looks into hereditary conditions, and not only one's genes, but their epigenetics as well.